Early years[ edit ] In he originated a debate at the Royaumont Abbey in France on the nature of universals in human thought and society. His work has been widely published internationally in the popular press, and in scientific journals in a variety of disciplines. Atran and the psychologists Jeremy Ginges and Douglas Medin and political scientist Khalil Shikaki conducted an experiment that surveyed " Jewish settlers in the West Bank, more than Palestinian refugees, and more than Palestinian students, half of whom identified with Hamas and Palestinian Islamic Jihad. With these sweeteners on the table, the nonabsolutists, as expected, softened their opposition a bit. But the absolutists, forced to contemplate a taboo tradeoff, were even more disgusted, angry, and prepared to resort to violence. In the earlier responses, people rejected material concessions without symbolic concessions, but were open to negotiations that started with symbolic concessions.
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Ketaur Atran rejects various previously proposed explanations for religion, while also denying that it is naturally selected as an adaptation with benefits which outweigh its costs. Is there a distinction to be made between group selection actually happening, and hard evidence that it does? It tries to answer the age old question of why religion exists and nails it. He has studied and written about terrorism, violence and religion, and has done fieldwork with terrorists and Islamic fundamentalists, as well as political leaders.
Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. Dennett — — Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 6: So ws is it here in a book on religion? There are some places where the writing meanders or goes off on tangents, though Atran often has something interesting to say on a wide range of subjects.
Scott Atran In Gods We Trust The Evolutionary Landscape Of Religion Evolution And Cognition A cognitive anthropologist and psychologist, Scott Atran argues that religion is a by-product of human evolution just as the cognitive intervention, cultural selection, and historical survival of religion is an accommodation of certain existential and moral elements that have evolved in the human condition.
Most religions involve costly displays of devotion, which demonstrate commitment to the group. Bibliographic Information Print publication date: Once tust twice Atran says that he is going to tell us how religion originated, but I cannot fathom what he thinks he has told us. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use for details see www.
The Aatran of Morality and Religion. Shopbop Designer Fashion Brands. Civil War American History: But what if you like the message but would not mind shooting the messenger because of the way he delivered it? Emotionally hard-to-fake and materially costly displays of devotion to supernatural agents signal sincere willingness godx cooperate with the community of believers.
Rather than adopting an extreme stance on the existence of God or other similar metaphysical persons and concepts or the usefulness of religion for human life and attempting ae defend this position through haphazard scholarship and polemic as have perhaps most thinkers who have addressed these issues, Atran adopts an explicitly agnostic stance and instead attempts to explore the relation between human evolution and religion, concluding that, no matters its truth or use-value, religion is part of human evolutionary psychology and is here to stay.
Atran says that they throw a lot against the wall from sociology, Gestalt and more, just to see what might stick. He currently directs an international, multidisciplinary project on the natural history of the Lowland Maya.
Thousands of books are eligible, including current and former best sellers. Writing style is awkward, a little obtuse. There was a problem filtering reviews right now. Science and secular ideology are poor competitors in this regard. Agency is central to religion, but banished from science. Genes, Genesis, and God: Amazon Giveaway allows you to run promotional giveaways in order to create buzz, reward your audience, and attract new followers and customers.
Chapter summaries restate arguments in already-used terms, instead of emphasising main points using creatively novel vocabulary and sentence structure, and by the time one reaches the conclusion- a summary of the summaries- a quick scan of the paragraphs tells you that the content has already been impressed upon your visual and association cortices and stored in your mental template.
End Matter References Index. In Gods We Trust: The Evolutionary Landscape of Religion — Oxford Scholarship People know or assume that public fictions novels, movies, cartoons, etc were created by specific people who had particular intention for doing so.
To ask other readers questions about In Gods We Trustplease sign up. So a great work of considerable interest but a flawed work Emotionally powerful, and long-lasing ties among relatively small groups of individuals but hinders wider inferential elaboration and public dissemination of religious theology and cultural ideology.
Anyone who disagrees must be immoral. He then tells us that people do not take the counterintuitive content of their religions literally: However this book is not particularly focused and as another reviewer noted could use considerable editing. In Gods We Trust: Customers who viewed this item also viewed. Most Related.
That said, Atran has produced what is likely the most comprehensive and convincing account of the cognitive science of religion, but anyone with an interest in religion, cognitive science, psychology, anthropology, or applications of evolutionary theory to human behavior should find this to be a fascinating work. Atran notes the vast array of explanations for religion that have arisen over the years and sees value in many of them, but does not find each on its own to explain religion in its totality. On the social level, religion preys on these basic cognitive elements, such as rituals being used to display hard to fake commitments an idea put forth by William Irons. Thus, religion in this sense is a neutral vessel through which human experience flows. It is responsible for motivating people to do both great good and great evil; it is highly malleable and can be adapted and refashioned to suit myriad needs and purposes. He exhaustively explains the interplay of the various elements on the cognitive, social, and cultural levels.
In Gods We Trust: The Evolutionary Landscape of Religion
Although limited forms of communication among initiates may be tolerated, there are often sever penalties for those who dare talk about their experiences to others, including social ostracism, physical punishment, and the menace of supernaturally driven psychological harassment unto death. Ebook This title is available as an ebook. But natural selection tends to stamp out waste and goda highly efficient organisms, so how did the human race evolve to habitually form and practice religions? Jul 29, Jason Yang rated it liked it. Once or twice Atran says that he is going to tell us how religion originated, but I cannot atraj what he thinks he has told us.
ATRAN IN GODS WE TRUST PDF
Ketaur Atran rejects various previously proposed explanations for religion, while also denying that it is naturally selected as an adaptation with benefits which outweigh its costs. Is there a distinction to be made between group selection actually happening, and hard evidence that it does? It tries to answer the age old question of why religion exists and nails it. He has studied and written about terrorism, violence and religion, and has done fieldwork with terrorists and Islamic fundamentalists, as well as political leaders. Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. Dennett — — Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 6: So ws is it here in a book on religion?