HEART BYPASS SURGERY USING NANOROBOTS PDF

A double, triple or quadruple bypass refers to the number of heart arteries that are bypassed. The operation can save your life if you are having a heart attack or are at high risk of having one. Coronary bypass surgery can give you your life back. Because coronary bypass surgery is an open-heart procedure requiring general anesthesia and in many cases that the heart is stopped during the operation, bypass carries risks. The good news is that recent decades have seen a steep drop in serious complications.

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A double, triple or quadruple bypass refers to the number of heart arteries that are bypassed. The operation can save your life if you are having a heart attack or are at high risk of having one.

Coronary bypass surgery can give you your life back. Because coronary bypass surgery is an open-heart procedure requiring general anesthesia and in many cases that the heart is stopped during the operation, bypass carries risks. The good news is that recent decades have seen a steep drop in serious complications. Today, more than 95 percent of people who undergo coronary bypass surgery do not experience serious complications, and the risk of death immediately after the procedure is only 1—2 percent.

Additionally, patients may be at higher risk if they are over 70 years old, are female or have already had heart surgery. While complications from coronary bypass surgery are relatively rare today, your care team will make every effort to guard against them and to treat them if they do develop.

They may include the following: Risk of bleeding from site of attached graft and other sources. About 30 percent of patients will require blood transfusions after the surgery. Very rarely, bleeding will be severe enough to require additional surgery. Heart rhythm problems. Other forms of heart rhythm problems are possible as well, though less common.

Blood clots. Infection at the incision site where the chest was opened for surgery. This complication is rare, occurring in only about 1 percent of coronary bypass patients. The symptoms are fever and chest pain. Kidney, or renal, failure. Memory loss or difficulty thinking. Many patients report difficulty thinking after coronary bypass surgery. This problem typically improves in 6 months to a year. Researchers are not sure what causes this, though one theory is that the use of a heart-lung machine to allow surgery on the heart dislodges tiny bits of fatty build-up in an artery that can travel to the brain.

Studies have been inconclusive about whether surgeries on a beating heart and without the heart-lung machine reduce this complication. Reactions to anesthesia.

In-hospital death is very rare after coronary bypass surgery. It is typically caused by heart attack or stroke. If you are considering coronary bypass surgery on an elective basis to treat your heart disease, please discuss any concerns you have about balancing the benefits and risks of the surgery with your cardiac surgeon.

Blockages form in the heart arteries as a result of a progressive disease process. If you have had or are being recommended to have coronary bypass surgery, it is to treat your underlying coronary artery disease. Coronary bypass surgery is one treatment option for non-heart-attack chest pain caused by a lack of blood flow through arteries leading to the heart muscle. This chest pain is called angina. Treatment can restore your ability to enjoy everyday activities.

Heart Attack. Understanding the mechanisms behind a heart attack can help you understand how treatment works. Diabetes and cardiovascular disease, unfortunately, often go hand in hand. Coronary bypass surgery is the preferred treatment for patients who have diabetes and blockages in multiple heart arteries. Heart News.

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Introduction Among the serious diseases faced by human beings Cardio Vascular disease is the prominent one. Problems involving heart stroke, high blood pressure, angina and rheumatic heart disease comes under the list of these diseases. Coronary heart disease is the main form of heart disease. In common terms, it is known as Heart Disease.

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