Author by : Margaret P. Written by and for nurses, this is the first text to focus exclusively on American Indian health and nursing. It addresses the profound disparities in policy, health care law, and health outcomes that affect American Indians, and describes how these disparities, bound into the cultural, environmental, historical, and geopolitical fabric of American Indian society, are responsible for the marked lack of wellbeing of American Indians. In an era of cultural competency, these expert nurse authors bring awareness about what is perhaps the least understood minority population in the U. The text covers the history of American Indians with a focus on the drastic changes that occurred following European contact.

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Native American traditions are compared with traditional uses of the same plants among other cultures where the science of herbs has flourished, particularly in Russia and China. Included is an annotated bibliography of pertinent books and periodicals. ALMA R. Tretchikoff, has been a student and practitioner of herbal medicine for many years.

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No part of this book may be reproduced in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Includes bibliographical references and index. Indians of North America—Ethnobotany. Medicinal plants—North America. Materia medica, Vegetable—North America. Alma R. Author and Thom, R. Moscow, U. Naukova Dumka-Kotukow, G. Department of Agriculture, Washington, D. For the review and annotations of the books, refer to the Bibliography.

While working on material in Windsor, Ontario, Canada, the authoress travelled daily, since June , from Dearborn, Michigan, United States of America, and it is estimated she covered over , miles before the manuscript was ready for publication.

The book was published in in India. The first two editions were published far away from North America. This our third edition Library and fourth edition Royal is published in London, England.

Devotion by, and efforts of the authoress were rewarded in many countries. Letters of appreciation and reviews were received in many languages: Anglo-American, Russian, German, Hungarian, Dutch, Belgian, Lithuanian, Japanese, Talu, Hindi and many others referred to in letters post factum.

There are many favourable factors in relation to the book. Great progress is evident in Folk Medicine and Medical Botanics in most countries including Japan, China, Russia, India and African countries and Pacific Islands, and all are restoring the Ancient Healing Arts and applying modern methods to further study.

Therefore most of mankind is now deeply involved and dependent upon Medical Botanics. In Europe and in the American continent interest in the Medical Botanics is developing greatly, especially in American Indian Medicine. American Indian problems have been commented on daily in the American press and abroad. This has created interest around the world, not only in the political situations of the American Indian, but in their History, Culture, Arts and Medicine.

The authoress was very objective in her research. She collected, classified, and critically analysed the material and sources, and she found it advantageous to incorporate material which had been specially translated for her book.

Material was included which otherwise would not have been available for many years to come. The book is of great and growing influence.

It is used by professionals many of whom have revised their opinions and have become very cautious of using older methods. Gardeners started to grow Indian herbs for their own use. Many projects, excursions, discussions were organized in the high schools, universities and clubs. Eventually Indian Medicine was studied. The authoress very much appreciated the knowledge that the American Indians recognized her work and gave her advice and encouragement. We wish to point out some technical points and changes, and we have introduced new material and illustrations.

The bibliography was re-arranged. Some publications were omitted but some newly introduced. In re-classifying, the authoress followed the principle that literature and books that are popular and easily available were replaced by the new books, especially in foreign languages, were translated and annotated especially for this book. Disregarding the bibliography in general, and only considering that which Merco Herbalist has on hand, it is impossible to contain everything in one book, so the bibliography was limited to some selective works only.

Although the book is now of a slightly smaller format, the economic use of typography has enabled a reduction in size to be made without limiting the contents of this edition. The misprints and errata of the first edition have been corrected. The authoress continues to work daily on her study of Medical Botanics.

It is our privilege and honour to participate in her efforts; she has put her knowledge, experience and heart into her studies. The American Indian Medicine was in use for thousands of years before and nothing yet has come to disqualify it.

For many generations in the past and many generations in the future we feel that Indian Medicine was and will continue to be used, and Indian Herbalogy of North America will have a Long Life and Noble Destiny. Herbalogy comes from the Greek—Herba, grass, and Logos, description. Herbalism is the use of medical properties found in non-poisonous plants as used by Herbalists for prevention and correction of diseases and, in general, health tonics.

Our conclusions and judgements are governed and limited to the most popular plants. Sufficient material on the total extremely rich medical botanics of North America is not available. Generally speaking, many of the same plants or their family species grow in other countries: Europe, Asia, Africa. Some plants in the past few centuries have gone travelling and in each area, as with our Indians, they are used in a different way other than that of the motherland.

This is true concerning the majority, but in each country the poisonous and narcotic properties are well established. Folk Medicine soon appropriated a symbol of universal natural treatment for those in favour. Then came the Herbalists who classified the uses of their own empirical therapy and gave references systematically. In the middle of the nineteenth century Hahnemann, the founder of homoeopaths, scientifically proved the power of herbal strength.

When we speak about this practice of minimum doses, and variety of prescribing, it is not always as simple as thought to be, and we warn the use of caution.

The administration of extracts or compounds should be considered either clinical or homoeopathic. Professional diagnosis, as a matter of fact, is only an educated guess, but self diagnosis is even less dependable. You must know precisely the symptoms to give the remedy for sicknesses. From the beginning, homoeopaths used over eighty different ingredients.

Today there are a few thousand plants and chemicals comprising the practice. Only the well trained in study, knowledge, and experience can use the field in its entirety. We will not speak of every function or part of the body, or attempt the thousands of medical terms. Tretchikoff, Herbalist, has taught through his study and experience to find the malfunction of vital concern affecting the bones, nerves, and glands.

Treating conclusively the weakest and supporting the remaining through a combination of herbal preparations. Herbs and their properties are just one of our essentials. Herbs as internal medicine also need proper environmental conditions. As individuals we are much more than a conceived seed. Every evolving fact contributes careful spiritual, mental, and physical requirement, one for the endurance of the other.

People very often think there exists some medicine—herbal or drug—that alone can cure. This is entirely wrong. We shall see that the Indian Nature Healers considered general health, and carefully weighed all possibilities. Only today in our time of scientific proof does Folk Medicine and Herbalogy have a deeper value than we can realize But with everything we have we can only analyse, but not synthesize create.

We could ask: What is the simplest of the simple things—our cell and blood, or life and death? The sky is populated with many millions of stars, the moon and sun. Their existence has been there since the world was born. These celestials live and exist according to the law precisely established.

Our scientists can scrupulously explain how they work and live, nobody in the world can explain how it started and who created this order. Our earth has its own system of processes, of which much is known, but the untold story would occupy many more volumes of microscopic—rather than the telescopic—points of view. Speaking on behalf of Herbalists of the past and present we would like to acknowledge the now admitted scientific art of their trustworthy past.

The main purpose is to attract the attention of general readers and professional groups in this field to the scientific and practical value of Indian heritage, in our case Herbalogy as a field where great possibilities exist.

Research abroad has incorporated many old and new facts and figures from Academies of Science, Universities, Laboratories and latest available research material on all Folk Medicine for comparison. Therefore we had to search many books and field works associated with plant life but without botanics as a conception. The foundation of this work was from material on Herbalogy compiled by N. Tretchikoff, Herbalist, Windsor, Canada. This work of thirty volumes, over 10, pages, describing more than 5, plants, started with N.

Tretchikoff while in China — Known in Shanghai, China, as a banker, N. Tretchikoff was ill with a tropical skin disease. With all money available and after time and the usual treatment failed, as a last resort he turned to the outof-date, unorthodox, but simple treatment of a wise Chinese Herbalist.

The first three months showed daily improvement and at the end of six months his skin condition had cleared up completely. This personal experience was the starting point of a hobby —51 that led to his collection of material and professional service in Canada Out of respect and interest, material has been collected, compiled and systematized for the past ten years of his professional herbal practice.

When our research began on Indian Herbalogy the only other complete set of thirty volumes was presented as an unforgettable gesture, and for organization and ease of work covering Anglo-American, Russian and Oriental Literature on our subject.


Indian Herbalogy of North America

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Indian Herbalogy Of North America


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