Description[ edit ] Typically there are two head straps , three torso straps, and two legs straps which are used to adequately secure the K. Unlike a long spine board or litter , the K. Although the K. If the K. Application[ edit ] The device can be quickly and easily inserted into the seat of a vehicle by a single rescuer , allows access to the airway and conforms to any body size. Once the K.
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External links Description Typically there are two head straps , three torso straps, and two legs straps which are used to adequately secure the K. Unlike a long spine board or litter , the K. Although the K. If the K. A strap, sometimes also called strop, is an elongated flap or ribbon, usually of fabric or leather. A litter is a stretcher or basket designed to be used where there are obstacles to movement or other hazards: for example, in confined spaces, on slopes, in wooded terrain.
Typically it is shaped to accommodate an adult in a face up position and it is used in search and rescue operations. The person is strapped into the basket, making safe evacuation possible. The person generally is further protected by a cervical collar and sometimes a long spine board, so as to immobilize the person and prevent further injury. A polymer is a large molecule, or macromolecule, composed of many repeated subunits. Due to their broad range of properties, both synthetic and natural polymers play essential and ubiquitous roles in everyday life.
Polymers range from familiar synthetic plastics such as polystyrene to natural biopolymers such as DNA and proteins that are fundamental to biological structure and function.
Polymers, both natural and synthetic, are created via polymerization of many small molecules, known as monomers. Their consequently large molecular mass relative to small molecule compounds produces unique physical properties, including toughness, viscoelasticity, and a tendency to form glasses and semicrystalline structures rather than crystals.
The terms polymer and resin are often synonymous with plastic. Application The device can be quickly and easily inserted into the seat of a vehicle by a single rescuer , allows access to the airway and conforms to any body size. A rescuer is a person who rescues something from harm or danger.
The term is commonly used with people who are doing a rescue and in some careers use "Rescuer" as the job title. The circulatory system is controlled by homeostatic mechanisms, such as hydraulic circuits are controlled by control systems. Hemodynamic response continuously monitors and adjusts to conditions in the body and its environment.
Thus hemodynamics explains the physical laws that govern the flow of blood in the blood vessels. Once the K. The first strap that is secured is the middle torso strap. According to the K.
Next the bottom torso strap is secured, however the top torso strap is not secured until just prior to moving the patient to the long spine board. This is to allow the patient to breathe easily while the rest of the device is secured. Following the bottom torso strap the leg straps are secured. These may be applied in a "criss-cross" fashion according to the K.
If there is any evidence of a groin injury the "criss-cross" method cannot be used. Following application of the leg straps the void between the head and device is padded as needed and the head is secured. Finally, just prior to moving the patient to a long spine board the top strap is secured.
The head pad can bring the head too far forward for the side panels to fully immobilize it. Care must be taken to secure the head properly to maintain neutral immobilization. If the head is too far forward, the head is brought back to meet the K. If these symptoms are present, the head is immobilized in the position found. It is worth noting that there is debate and controversy surrounding the exact order of applying the torso straps, with some saying that the order does not matter, as long as the torso is secured before the head.
The K. The term "whiplash" is a colloquialism. A stretcher, litter, or pram is an apparatus used for moving patients who require medical care. A basic type must be carried by two or more people. A wheeled stretcher is often equipped with variable height frames, wheels, tracks, or skids.
In American English, a wheeled stretcher is referred to as a gurney. A splint is a device used for support or immobilization of a limb or the spine.
It can be used in multiple situations, including temporary immobilization of potentially broken bones or damaged joints and support for joints during activity.
Clearing the cervical spine is the process by which medical professionals determine whether cervical spine injuries exist. This process can take place in the emergency department or take place in the field by appropriately trained EMS personnel.
There are other clinical criteria in common use, such as the Canadian C-spine rule. A spinal board, is a patient handling device used primarily in pre-hospital trauma care. A vacuum mattress, or vacmat, is a medical device used for the immobilisation of patients, especially in case of a vertebra, pelvis or limb trauma.
It is also used for manual transportation of patients for short distances. Casualty lifting is the first step of casualty movement, an early aspect of emergency medical care. It is the procedure used to put the casualty on a stretcher.
It is also applied by emergency personnel to those who have had traumatic head or neck injuries, and can be used to treat chronic medical conditions. The scoop stretcher is a device used specifically for moving injured people. It is most frequently used to lift people who may have a spinal cord injury from the ground, either due to unconsciousness or in order to maintain stability in the case of trauma.
A cervical fracture, commonly called a broken neck, is a catastrophic fracture of any of the seven cervical vertebrae in the neck. Examples of common causes in humans are traffic collisions and diving into shallow water. Abnormal movement of neck bones or pieces of bone can cause a spinal cord injury resulting in loss of sensation, paralysis, or usually instant death.
Outdoor emergency care OEC was first developed by the National Ski Patrol in the s for certification in first aid, and other pre-hospital care and treatment for possible injuries in non-urban settings. Outdoor emergency care technicians provide care at ski resorts, wilderness settings, white-water excursions, mountain bike events, and in many other outdoor environments.
Spinal fusion, also called spondylodesis or spondylosyndesis, is a neurosurgical or orthopedic surgical technique that joins two or more vertebrae. This procedure can be performed at any level in the spine and prevents any movement between the fused vertebrae. There are many types of spinal fusion and each technique involves using bone grafting—either from the patient autograft , donor allograft , or artificial bone substitutes—to help the bones heal together.
Additional hardware is often used to hold the bones in place while the graft fuses the two vertebrae together. Stabilization is a process to help prevent shock in sick or injured people. Stabilization is often performed by the first person to arrive on scene, EMTs, or nurses before or just after arrival in hospital. It includes controlling bleeding, arranging for proper evacuation, keeping patients warm with blankets, and calming them by providing personal attention and concern for their well-being.
The Milwaukee brace, also known as a cervico-thoraco-lumbo-sacral orthosis or CTLSO, is a back brace used in the treatment of spinal curvatures in children. It is a full-torso brace that extends from the pelvis to the base of the skull. It was originally designed by Blount and Schmidt in for postoperative care when surgery required long periods of immobilization. Grady straps are a specific strapping configuration used in full body spinal immobilization.
Orthotics is a medical specialty that focuses on the design and application of orthoses. An orthosis is "an externally applied device used to modify the structural and functional characteristics of the neuromuscular and skeletal system". An orthotist is the primary medical clinician responsible for the prescription, manufacture and management of orthoses. An orthosis may be used to: Airtraq is a fibreoptic intubation device used for indirect tracheal intubation in difficult airway situations.
It is designed to enable a view of the glottic opening without aligning the oral with the pharyngeal, and laryngeal axes as an advantage over direct endotracheal intubation and allows for intubation with minimal head manipulation and positioning. Spinal precautions, also known as spinal immobilization and spinal motion restriction, are efforts to prevent movement of the spine in those with a risk of a spine injury. This is done as an effort to prevent injury to the spinal cord.
Kendrick Extrication Device